|This outer portion includes proteins called porins, which form channels that allow proteins to cross||Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology|
|Histochemical localization of calcium in electron micrographs of the epiphyseal growth plate with K-pyroantimonate"||"Old players in a new role: mitochondria-associated membranes, VDAC, and ryanodine receptors as contributors to calcium signal propagation from endoplasmic reticulum to the mitochondria"|
These highly charged particles damage DNA, fats, and proteins.
|Molecules can only cross the inner membrane in special membrane transporters||But the body can also generate heat in other ways, one of which is by using a tissue called brown fat|
|So, depending on the type of cell, symptoms can vary widely||The Journal of Cell Biology|
They increase the surface area of the membrane, therefore increasing the space available for chemical reactions.
|Interestingly, mitochondrial DNA mtDNA is more similar to bacterial DNA||"ROS-mediated PI3K activation drives mitochondrial transfer from stromal cells to hematopoietic stem cells in response to infection"|
|Die Elementarorganismen und ihre Beziehungen zu den Zellen||"Homologous recombination-mediated repair of DNA double-strand breaks operates in mammalian mitochondria"|
"The exceptional mitochondrial DNA system of the mussel family Mytilidae".7