مثنى وثلاث. مثنى وثلاث ورباع

For this reason the Qur'an has allowed those who feel the need for it to resort to polygamy Since it was widely practised at that time, however, Islam confined itself to placing restrictions on it
female captives of war who are distributed by the state among individuals The result was that a man sometimes married as many as ten women and, when expenses increased because of a large family, he encroached on the rights either of his orphan nephews or other relatives

موقع هدى القرآن الإلكتروني

This expression denotes 'slave-girls', i.

4
ما العلاقة بين اليتامى وتعدد الزوجات في قوله تعالى وإن خفتم ألا تقسطوا في اليتامى فانكحوا ما طاب لكم من النساء ؟
For the relevant traditions see the comments of Ibn Kathir and Qurtubi on this verse - Ed
الجمع بين آية التعدد وبين قوله تعالى: (وَلَنْ تَسْتَطِيعُوا أَنْ تَعْدِلُوا)
The purpose of this verse is to tell men that if their financial circumstances do not permit them to support a free woman as their wife then they may marry a slave-girl see verse 25 below ; if they consider it necessary to have more than one wife and it would be difficult for them to treat their free wives equitably they may resort to slave-girls, for here the burden of obligations is lighter by comparison
سورة النساء
English - Sahih International : And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls then marry those that please you of [other] women two or three or four But if you fear that you will not be just then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses That is more suitable that you may not incline [to injustice]• This conclusion is also supported by traditions
Indeed, there is not the slightest hint in the Qur'an that could justify the conclusion that it advocates abolition of polygamy
The Prophet peace be on him ordered him to divorce one of them ii The second view is that of Ibn 'Abbas and his disciple 'Ikrimah who expressed the opinion that in the Jahiliyah period there was no limit on the number of wives a man could take

للرجل مثنى وثلاث ورباع.. ومَن يدفع الثمن؟

Some people who have been overwhelmed and overawed by the Christianized outlook of Westerners have tried to prove that the real aim of the Qur'an was to put an end to polygamy which, in their opinion, is intrinsically evil.

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مثنى وثلاث ورباع
In case there are complaints from wives that they are not being treated equitably, the Islamic state has the right to intervene and redress such grievances
للرجل مثنى وثلاث ورباع.. ومَن يدفع الثمن؟
After marriage such men sometimes committed excesses against these girls
الجمع بين آية التعدد وبين قوله تعالى: (وَلَنْ تَسْتَطِيعُوا أَنْ تَعْدِلُوا)
It is in this context that the Muslims are told that if they fear they will not be able to do justice to the orphan girls, then they should marry other girls whom they like
中国语文 - Ma Jian : 如果你们恐怕不能公平对待孤儿,那末,你们可以择你们爱悦的女人, 各娶两妻、三妻、四妻;如果你们恐怕不能公平地待遇她们,那末,你们只可以各娶一妻,或以你们的女奴为满足。 That polygamy is an evil per se is an unacceptable proposition, for under certain conditions it becomes a moral and social necessity Those who consider it an evil in itself may certainly denounce it in disregard of the Qur'an and may even argue for its abolition
Melayu - Basmeih : Dan jika kamu takut tidak berlaku adil terhadap perempuanperempuan yatim apabila kamu berkahwin dengan mereka maka berkahwinlah dengan sesiapa yang kamu berkenan dari perempuanperempuan lain dua tiga atau empat Kemudian jika kamu bimbang tidak akan berlaku adil di antara isteriisteri kamu maka berkahwinlah dengan seorang sahaja atau pakailah hambahamba perempuan yang kamu miliki Yang demikian itu adalah lebih dekat untuk mencegah supaya kamu tidak melakukan kezaliman• It was in this context that God fixed the limit of four wives and instructed the Muslims that they may marry up to four wives providing they possessed the capacity to treat them equitably The Prophet peace be on him ordered him to keep only four wives and divorce the rest

ما العلاقة بين اليتامى وتعدد الزوجات في قوله تعالى وإن خفتم ألا تقسطوا في اليتامى فانكحوا ما طاب لكم من النساء ؟

But they have no right to attribute such a view to the Qur'an, for it has expressed its permission of polygamy in quite categorical terms.

للرجل مثنى وثلاث ورباع.. ومَن يدفع الثمن؟
A person who avails himself of this permission granted by God to have a plurality of wives, and disregards the condition laid down by God to treat them equitably has not acted in good faith with God
سورة النساء
Indonesia - Bahasa Indonesia : Dan jika kamu takut tidak akan dapat berlaku adil terhadap hakhak perempuan yang yatim bilamana kamu mengawininya maka kawinilah wanitawanita lain yang kamu senangi dua tiga atau empat Kemudian jika kamu takut tidak akan dapat berlaku adil maka kawinilah seorang saja atau budakbudak yang kamu miliki Yang demikian itu adalah lebih dekat kepada tidak berbuat aniaya• If polygamy is totally prohibited men who cannot remain satisfied with only one wife will look outside the bounds of matrimonial life and create sexual anarchy and corruption
الجمع بين آية التعدد وبين قوله تعالى: (وَلَنْ تَسْتَطِيعُوا أَنْ تَعْدِلُوا)
Swahili - Al-Barwani : Na ikiwa mnaogopa kuwa hamtowafanyia mayatima uadilifu basi oeni mnao wapenda katika wanawake wawili au watatu au wane na mkiogopa kuwa hamwezi kufanya uadilifu basi mmoja tu au wale ambao mikono yenu ya kulia imewamiliki Kufanya hivi ndiko kutapelekea msikithirishe wana• Somali - Abduh : Haddaad ka Cabsataan inaydaan ku Cadaalad Falin Agoonta Guursada wixii idiin Wanaagsan oo Haween ah Labo Saddex iyo Afar Haddaad ka Cabsataan inaydaan Caddaalad Falin Mid kaliya Guursada ama waxay Hanatay Gacmihiinnu Saasaa u Dhaw inaydaan Jawrfalinc• Commentators have explained this in the following ways: i There is the view of 'A'ishah who says that men tended to marry orphan girls who were under their guardianship out of consideration for either their property, beauty or because they thought they would be able to treat them according to their whims, as they had no one to protect them